• Electoral Analysis
  • European Parliament Elections 2019 in Finland

  • Auteur Jukka Pietiläinen | 27 May 19 | Posted under: Finlande , Élections , Union européenne
  • Finland elects 13 MEPs (14 after Brexit). The whole country is one constituency and there is no barrier, expcept the number of MEPs. In practice, around 6% of votes is enough for one seat, 12% for two seats and 18% for three seats. A voter need to elect a candidate which belongs to party list or electoral alliance. The seats are distributed between parties on the basis of the total number of votes given for the candidates of a party and inside the party list those are elected who get the highest number of votes. This increases intra-party competition between candidates and parties need to include candidates with different profiles in order to get a good result.

    Finland had parliamentary elections on 14 April, which resulted increase of support for SDP, Greens and Left Alliance and decrease for Centre party (Centrist, conservative, rural interests). SDP became largest party and the party chairperson Antti Rinne started negotiations to form government with SDP, Left Alliance, Greens, Centre party and Swedish people’s party. The aim was to finish negotiations before European elections but the timetable was too tight and negotiations will come to the end only during this week.

    Turnout was highest in Finnish European elections (except 1996 when MEPs were elected at the same time with local elections) 42,7% (those living in Finland) or 40,7% (including citizens living outside Finland). This is however lower than in national elections in which turnout is around 70%.

    Results

     

    Party

    Votes

    %

    MEPs

    change from 2014

    % change

    MEP change

    Change from April 2019

    National Coalition Party

    380,106

    20.8

    3

    -10,270

    -1.8

    0

    3.8

    Green League

    292,512

    16.0

    2

    131,249

    6.7

    1

    4.5

    Finnish Social Democratic Party

    267,342

    14.6

    2

    54,561

    2.3

    0

    -3.1

    The Finns Party

    252,990

    13.8

    2

    30,533

    1.0

    0

    -3.6

    Centre Party of Finland

    247,416

    13.5

    2

    -92,479

    -6.1

    -1

    -0.2

    Left Alliance

    125,749

    6.9

    1

    -35,325

    -2.4

    0

    -1.3

    Swedish People's Party

    116,033

    6.3

    1

    -714

    -0.4

    0

    1.8

    Christian Democrats

    89,166

    4.9

    0

    -1,420

    -0.4

    0

    1.0

    Seven Star Movement

    16,140

    0.9

    0

    16,140

    0.9

    0

    0.5

    Pirate Party of Finland

    12,558

    0.7

    0

    180

    -0.0

    0

    0.1

    Blue Reform

    6,044

    0.3

    0

    6,044

    0.3

    0

    -0.6

    Feminist Party

    4,458

    0.2

    0

    4,458

    0.2

    0

    0.0

    Junes Lokka (a single candidate)

    4,064

    0.2

    0

    4,064

    0.2

    0

    0.2

    Communist Party of Finland

    3,659

    0.2

    0

    -2,273

    -0.1

    0

    0.1

    Liberal party – Freedom of Choice

    3,012

    0.2

    0

    3,012

    0.2

    0

    0.0

    Animal Justice Party of Finland

    2,924

    0.2

    0

    2,924

    0.2

    0

    0.1

    Finnish People First

    2,568

    0.1

    0

    2,568

    0.1

    0

    0.1

    Citizen Party

    2,058

    0.1

    0

    2,058

    0.1

    0

    -0.1

    Total

    1,828,799

    100.0

    13

    Non-valid votes

    6,331

    0.3

    Total

    1,835,130

    100.0

     

    The results in the table are based on preliminary counting a votes. All the votes will be recounted before 29 May when the final results will be published. However, the result is clear enough that no change in MEP seats can be expected.

     

    Votes of Left Alliance candidates (comparison to 2014 for those who were candidates also in 2014).

    Candidate

    votes in 2019

    votes in 2014

     

     

    Modig, Silvia

    51608

    7260

     

     

    Kyllönen, Merja

    23263

    58611

     

     

    Sarkkinen, Hanna

    10908

    7342

     

     

    Haglund, Mia

    5303

     

     

     

    Halonen, Miila

    3901

     

     

     

    Nevanlinna, Tuomas

    3628

     

     

     

    Käppi, Matleena

    2817

     

     

     

    Lindfors, Jaakko

    2808

     

     

     

    Torkkola, Sinikka

    2777

    1792

     

     

    Moisanen, Sari

    2612

     

     

     

    Ahlfors, Tiina

    2505

     

     

     

    Mäkipää, Anna

    2117

     

     

     

    Lientola, Elisa

    2051

     

     

     

    Majok, Ajak

    2005

     

     

     

    Mielonen, Joona

    1496

     

     

     

    Säynevirta, Sami

    1448

     

     

     

    Haaja, Ilpo

    1341

     

     

     

    Parkkila, Janne

    1155

     

     

     

    Linna, Jukka

    1007

     

     

     

    Kaakkuriniemi, Tapani

    999

     

     

     

     

     

    Left Alliance kept its MEP although the number of votes decreased from 2014. In 2014 Left Alliance had two main candidates with different profiles, Merja Kyllönen (58 611 votes), appealing more to older generation and in Northern Finland, and Li Andersson (47 599 votes), appealing more to young, urban, red-green voters. Now, there was only one main candidate, Silvia Modig (MP in Finnish parliament 2011-2019), who failed to get to Finnish parliament in April and decided to run for a MEP seat. She was a candidate also in 2014 but remained in the shadow of two main candidates.  Merja Kyllönen was also a candidate, but she had announced that she will stay in Finnish parliament to which she was elected in April, because of personal reasons. Despite this she became second among Left Alliance candidates and got over 23 000 votes.

    Smaller parties of the left did not get large amount of votes: Communist party got 0,2% (-0,1%) as well as Feminist party (new).

    In general, the election result is very close with the result of April 2019 parliamentary elections. Pro-European parties, the Greens, Coalition Party, Swedish People’s party, get higher support than in parliamentary elections while the Finns party and Social Democrats lost. The only change in MEPs is that Centre party lost one seat and Greens got one more. Moreover, after Brexit, when Finland will get one MEP more, that new MEP will be from Greens. Greens became the second largest party for the first time (not including presidential elections of 2012 and 2018). Centre party is still suffering from its participation in centre-right coalition government, which policies were not liked by the rural voters.

    From Coalition party a re-elected MEP Sirpa Pietikäinen is more ecologist and liberal, perhaps even left-wing than her party, also MEP from Swedish People’s party Nils Torvards (father of Linux inventor Linus Torvalds) is former hard-line communist journalist from 1970s and still pretty leftist and liberal. From the Finns party a moderate MEP Pirkko Ruohonen-Lerner could not renew her seat but the Finns are represented by a creationist teacher Laura Huhtasaari (Finnish Marine LePen) and Finnish MP and former saw-mill owner Teuvo Hakkarainen, who has been convicted of assault and sexual harassment of another MP and suspected from racial hatred because of his talks which he defended by claiming that he comes from a rural background. The new MEPs from the Finns party are certainly more colourful than the former ones.


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