• Appeal
  • "Make money on value, not on health" #WhateverItTakes

  • 08 Apr 20 Posted under: Covid-19 , Europäische Union , Productive Transformation
  • Appeal from the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC), with the support of economists and personalities, on extraordinary macroeconomic measures to tackle the COVID-19 emergency.

    written on 16 March, published on 19 March at the website of the European Trade Union Confederation.

    To sign the appeal, click here

    Please find on the right the Italian and Spanish version (PDF).



    We appeal to European Institutions and governments with a sense of urgency, our population is suffocating from the Corona COVID-19 virus, physically and economically. Nobody should have to choose between protecting themselves and their loved ones, or keeping their job and income, potentially putting themselves and others at risk.

    We need to act and to act bold. We fear that the tools and funds put now on the table by governments and European Union institutions will not be enough. The full use of the flexibility of the Stability and Growth Pact will be like drops in the ocean, if not accompanied by additional measures. The emergency clause of the Fiscal Compact must be activated.

    We urge all financial institutions not to profit from this unprecedented health emergency and prevent an economic shock. Therefore, we recommend the rapid implementation of the following measures:

    • Suspending stock exchanges immediately: after the unprecedented falls in stock markets all around the world, companies and workers will inevitably suffer and struggle to access credit.
    • Decreasing the European Central Bank marginal lending facility rate to zero percent or less (presently at 0,25%), decreasing the interest rate on the main refinancing operations rate below -0,75%, and decreasing even further into negative territory the deposit facility (presently at -0,5%) to allow and incentivise banks to maintain economic activity.
    • Make the European Central Bank really ready to do "whatever it takes", meaning being ready to an unlimited reload of the 'bazookas' of the Outright Monetary Transactions and Quantitative Easing. As a complement, the European Central Bank capital key could be temporarily put aside for financial stability purposes, some Member States will be more in need than others.
    • Prevent financial institutions from making loans at positive interest rates to both European Member States and small and medium sized businesses. Small and medium size enterprises are going to either stockpile, or stop their activities, and see their activities locked down if no additional support is provided. We ask all financial institutions, not only national promotional banks and the European Investment Bank, but also private banks, to be prevented from making interest on loans, to enable businesses to navigate until the end of the crisis. If this cannot be achieved by incentivises, governments must act by decree or/and ensure a guarantee at national level, to be backed at the EU level.
    • The European Stability Mechanism must play a role in this regard, and we urge governments to make sure it can raise money at zero or negative interest rate and lend money to Member States, with the measures described above. Member States could moreover use the precautionary credit lines available under the European Stability Mechanism treaty, but without any conditionality.
    • Additionally, the option of helicopter money from the European Central Bank should be seriously considered, to bypass a broken banking transmission mechanism, if needed, as a way to cope with the decrease in economic activity, support workers' income and prevent deflation.
    • Special measures should be taken for regulating price movements on vital products and housing, any abuses in this emergency should be severely condemned.

    We must make sure that the emergency measures that should be put in place now, will be followed by more structural and sound measures to promote investment and sustainable economic development. We must take advantage of the current Review of the Economic Governance in the European Union recently launched by the European Commission: a complete revision of the European fiscal framework is absolutely needed, on sound economic principles.

    Public services and public service workers are doing an incredible job in protecting and caring for the population during this unprecedented crisis, and now is the time to ensure that they can be financed sustainably in the future by clamping down on tax avoidance and evasion. Congratulations are welcomed, financing is needed.

    Clearly, more than ever, fiscal transfers between Member States by one means or another, and a European central fiscal capacity issuing a safe asset, are required at this time, but it seems that such goals are not yet achievable.

    Ultimately, this is about democratic control of our financial system and taking the necessary measures to save people's livelihoods and economic activity. Acting fast and acting together is the only effective answer to a crisis that affects us all.

    We must act together if we do not want all this to degenerate into petty and divisive nationalism.

    We must act together because we face the same threat, and the virus that does not stop at borders. Let's act in solidarity, for the freedom of the people, and our common goods. Together we are stronger.


    List of signatories


    Dr Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, Economist, Former Danish Prime Minister, Denmark

    Pr Dr Gustav Horn, Director of the Macroeconomic Policy Institute at the Hans Boeckler Foundation, Germany

    Pr Paul De Grauwe, Economist, London School of Economics, Belgium/UK

    Lord Meghnad Desai, Economist, House of Lords, UK

    Dr László Andor, Former EU Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, Senior Fellow, Hertie School Berlin, Hungary

    Stephany Griffith-Jones, Economist, IPD Director, Columbia University, UK/USA

    Pr Joerg Bibow, Economist, Skidmore College, USA

    Gabrielle Siry, Specialist in Financial regulation and spokeperson of the Parti socialiste, France

    Aurore Lalucq, Economist, Member of the European Parliament, Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament, France

    Guillaume Duval, Columnist, Alternatives économiques, France

    Albert Recio, Economist, Editor of Mientras Tanto magazine, Spain

    Dr Carlos Martìn Urriza, Head of Economic Department, CCOO, Spain

    Pr Ozlem Onaran, Economist, Director of Greenwich Political Economy Research Centre, University of Greenwich, UK

    Dr Dirk Ehnts, Economist, Technical University of Chemnitz, Germany

    Dr Philipp Heimberger, Economist, Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche, Austria

    Emer Pr Carlo Benetti, Economist, University of Paris Nanterre, France

    Dr Jorge Fabra Utray, Economist, President of Economistas Frente a la Crisis, Spain

    Pr Cecilia Castaño, Economist, UCM, First Vice-President of EFC, Spain

    Antonio González González, Economist, former General Secretary for employment, Vice-President of Economistas Frente a la Crisis, Spain

    Philippe Portier, National Secretary for Economic Policy, sustainable development and social dialogue, CFDT, France

    Pr András Inotai, former Director General, Institute of World Economy of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary

    Paul Fox, Research and Advocacy Officer, Finance Watch, Europe

    Pr Luis Rubio Andrada, Applied Economics, Universidad Autónoma De Madrid, Spain

    Paolo Reboani, Presidente comitato economico sociale, Fondazione Craxi

    Thomas Greuse, Economist, ACV-CSC, Belgium

    Dr Michael Taft, Research Officer, SIPTU Trade Union, Ireland

    Dr Patrizio Lainà, Chief Economist, STTK, Finland

    Dr Ana Isabel Viñas Apaolaza. Economist, UAM, UGT, Spain

    Renaat Hanssen, Economist, AVC-CSC, Belgium

    Dr Paul Sweeny, Chair TASC Economists Network, Ireland

    Dr Sotiria Theodoropoulou, Senior researcher, ETUI, Europe

    Dr Matthieu Méaulle, Economist, ETUC, Associate member, PHARE/CNRS, University Paris Nanterre, Europe/France

    Pr Isabelle This Saint-Jean, Economist, University Sorbonne Paris Nord, France

    Dr Philip von Brockdorff, Department of Economics, University of Malta

    Dr Tom McDonnell, Co-director, NERI, Ireland

    Bruno Estrada, Economist, Advisor at the Labour Ministry, Spain

    Marko Subotic, Economic Policy Advisor, Union of Free Trade Unions, Montenegro

    Pr Gustavo Matías, Structure and Development Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, UAM, Spain

    Nathalie Lambert. Professor in Economist, France

    Emer Pr Carlos Berzosa, Applied Economic, UCM, USA

    Enrique Viaña, Professor of Applied Economic, UCLM, Spain

    Alberto Montero Soler, Teacher of Applied Economic, Universidad de Málaga, Spain

    Pr Mónica Melle Hernández, Financial Economics and member of Economistas Frente a la Crisis, Spain

    Pr Juan Antonio Maroto Acín, Financial economics and accounting Universidad Complutense De Madrid, Spain

    Pr Gustavo Matías Clavero, Economic Structure and Development Economics, Universidad Autónoma De Madrid, Spain

    Pr Maria Emilia García Pérez, Financial Economics and Accounting, Universidad De Castilla La Mancha, Spain

    Pr Gemma Carmen Fuentes Calle, Financial Economics, Universidad De Extremadura, Spain

    Pr Carles Manera Erbina, Economic History, University of Illes Balears, Spain

    Pr Miguel Ángel García Rubio, Applied Economics, Universidad de Granada, Spain

    Dr José Molina, President of the Transparency Council of the Murcia Region. Honorary President of the Open Chair. Member of EFC, Spain

    Dr Julio Rodriguez Lopez, Economist, Member of the Higher Statistics Council, former president of the Banco Hipotecario de España. EFC Board Member, Spain

    Pr Juan Torres López, Professor in Economics, University of Sevilla, Spain

    Gaspar Llanes Díaz-Salazar, General Coordinator of the Strategic Plan for Seville 2030. Economist, Former Secretary General Economy Junta de Andalucía 2010-2019, Spain

    Linda Romele, Expert of education and employment issues, Free Trade Union Confederation of Latvia

    Mārtiņš Svirskis, Economic adviser, Free Trade Union Confederation of Latvia

    Nicolò Giangrande, Economist, University of Salento, Italy

    Guido Ortona, Professor of economics (retired), Università del Piemonte Orientale, Italy

    Markus Marterbauer, Chief economist, Chamber of Labour, Vienna, Austria

    Marco Wagener, Senior economic advisor, Chambre des salaries, Vice-President of the Economic and Social Council, Luxembourg

    Daniela Palma, Economist in Italian National Research Agency (ENEA), Italy

    Felix Martes de Brito, Economic Advisor, Chambre des Salariés, Luxembourg

    Emer Pr Raymon Tortajada, Economist, Université de Grenoble Alpes, France

    Yuemei Ji, Associate Professor of Economics, University College London, UK

    Zoltán Pogátsa  Economist, sociologist and university lecturer/SZEF, Hungary

    Ruggero Paladini, University of Rome La Sapienza/CGIL, Italy

    Philippe Frémeaux, President of l’Institut Veblen pour les réformes économiques, France  

    Dr Bela Galgoczi, Senior Researcher, European Trade Union Institute

    Thomas Greuse, Economist, ACV-CSC, Belgium 

    Max Berre, Research Economist, Audencia Business School, France 

    Chouya, Assistante de Direction, Parti Socialiste Paris, France  

    Emilio Ontiveros, Presidente AFI, Spain

    Jean Philippe Thomas,  Economist, ENDA International, Africa

    Jonás Fernández, MEP, European Parliament, Spain 

    Pr Candelaria Saiz Pastor, Department of Applied Economic Analysis, Universidad de Alicante, Spain          

    Dr Juan Antonio Fernández Cordón, Economics and Demography. Economistas Frente a la Crisis, Spain 

    José Moisés Martín Carretero, Economist and Consultant. Economistas Frente a la Crisis, Spain

    Miguel Otero-Iglesias, Prof of International Political Economy, IE School of Global and Public Affairs, Senior Analyst at Elcano Royal Institute, Spain 

    Pr Lina Gálvez Muñoz, Economic History, Universidad de Sevilla. Member of the European Parliament, Spain 

    Alfonso Prieto, Economist. Member of Economistas Frente a la Crisis, Spain  

    Henriette Neumann, Economist, Policy Advisor, German Confederation of Trade Unions (DGB), Germany               


    Pr Antonio Baylos, Labour Law and Social Security, UCM, Spain

    Pr Ruth Rubio, Constitutional Law, University of Seville and Board of Directors Economists facing the Crisis, Spain

    Pr Margarita Barañano, Director of the Department of Applied Sociology, UCM, Spain

    Pr Slavo Radosevic, Industry and Innovation Studies, School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London, UK

    Dr Adoración Guamán, Labour Law, Universidad de Valencia, Spain

    Pr Maria Jose Romero, Labour Law and Social Security, Dean of the Faculty of Industrial Relations, UCLM, Spain

    Emer Pr Joaquin Aparicio, Labor law and social work, UCLM, Spain

    Pr Juan López Gandia, Law and Social Security, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain

    Pr Amparo Merino, Labour Law and Social Security, Dean of Faculty of Social Sciences, university of castilla la mancha, Spain

    Pr Margarita Ramos, Labour Law and Social, Universidad de La Laguna, Spain

    Pr Wilfredo Sanguineti, Law and Social Security, Universidad de Salamanca, Spain

    Pr Carlos Alfonso Mellado, Labour Law and Social Security, Universidad de Valencia, Spain

    Pr Eva Garrido Perez, Labour Law and Social, Universidad de Cádiz, Spain

    Pr Carolina Martínez Moreno, Professor of Labour Law and Social Security, Universidad de Oviedo Spain

    Pr Angel PINO, Chinese Studies, Université Bordeaux Montaigne, France

    Emer Pr Frédéric Lambert, Linguistic, Université Bordeaux Montaigne, France

    Dr Juan Ángel Organero Gallego, Physical Chemistry, Universidad De Castilla La Mancha

    Dr Véronique Rauline, English Studies, Université Nanterre, France

    Pr Gilles Col, Linguistic, Université de Poitiers, France

    Pr Manuel Ortega Cantero, Technologies and information systems, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha, Spain

    Pr Faustino Hermoso Ruiz, Computer Languages and Systems, Universidad de Extremadura, Spain

    Pr Ramon Sans Fonfría, Chemical Ingeenering, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain

    Pr Benjamin Rey Sanjurjo, Agroforestry Engineering, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Spain

    Pr Jaime Cabeza Pereiro, Labour Law and Social Security, Universidad de Vigo, Spain

    Pr Juan Carlos Álvarez Cortés, Labour Law and Social Security, Universidad de Málaga, Spain

    Pr Jesus Cruz Villalón, Labour Law and Social Security, Universidad de Sevilla, Spain

    Dr Amparo Serrano, Social Psychology, UCM, Spain

    Pr Edurne Terradillos, Labour Law and Social Security, EHU/UPV, Spain

    Pr Rafael Gomez Gordillo, Labour Law and Social Security, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Spain

    Pr Francisca Ferrando, Labour Law and Social Security, Universidad de Murcia, Spain

    Pr Mari Carmen López Aniorte, Labour Law and Social Security, Universidad de Murcia, Spain

    Pr Eva Garrido Pérez, Labour Law and Social Security, Universidad Cádiz, Spain

    Pr Antonio Oña Sicilia, Sport sciences, Universidad de Granada, Spain

    Pr Roque Moreno Fonseret, Contemporary History, Universidad De Alicante, Spain

    Pr José Cabezuelo Pliego, Medieval History, Universidad De Alicante, Spain

    Pr Joaquín Plumet Ortega, Organic Chemistry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain

    Pr Josefa Isasi Marín, Organic Chemistry, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain

    Pr Andres Perales Agüera, Mining Engineering, Universidad Politécnica De Cartagena, Spain

    Pr José Manuel Gavilán Ibañez, Psychology, Universidad Rovira I Virgili, Spain

    Pr Manuel Munuera Giner, Agricultural Engineering, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena, Spain

    Pr Enrique Arribas Garde, Applied Physics, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha, Spain

    Pr Montserrat Tesouro Cid, Pedagogy, Universidad de Girona, Spain

    Pr Eulalia Guiu Puget, Pedagogy Universidad De Girona, Spain

    Pr Marc Tarres Vives, Financial and Tax Law, Universidad de Barcelona, Spain

    Pr Ernesto De La Cruz Sanchez, Sport Scienes, Universidad de Murcia, Spain

    Pr Pedro Javier García, Computer Architecture And Technology, Universidad de Castilla La Mancha, Spain

    Pr Carmelo Faleh Perez, Private Law, Universidad de Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, Spain

    Pr Josep Ramon Gonzalez Castro, Mechanical Engineering, Universidad De Girona, Spain

    Pr María Del Pino Dominguez Cabrera,Commercial law, Universidad de Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, Spain

    Pr Pastora Calvo Hernandez, Psychology, Sociology and Social Work, Universidad de Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, Spain

    Pr Nicolas Navarro Batista, Public International Law, Universidad De Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, Spain

    Pr José Luis Pérez Calvo, Administrative law, Universidad de Las Palmas De Gran Canaria, Spain

    Pr Riccardo Cappellin, Management and Law University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Italy

    Salvatore Biasco, Statistics and Demography, Università La Sapienza di Roma, Italy

    Pr Andrea Guazzarotti, Associato di Diritto costituzionale, Università di Ferrara, Italy

    Christos Pierros, Senior Researcher Labour Institute INE-GSEE, Teaching Fellow University of Athens, Greece

    Mario Noera, Bocconi University Milan, Italy

    Pr Ivano Dionigi, Former Rector of the University of Bologna, President of AlmaLaurea Inter-University Consortium, Spain

    Sam Hägglund, Member of the European Economic and Social Committee

    Dr Delphine Sicard, Researcher, INRAE, France

    Pr Melpomeni Fani, Division Head Radiopharmaceutical Chemistry, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland

    Guillaume Nicolas, Physician, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland   

    Pr Simon  Lambert, Associate Professor, Cyu Cergy Paris University, France

    Constanza Tobío, Professor of Sociology, Carlos III University of Madrid, Spain

    Miguel Otero-Iglesias, Professor,  IE University, Spain 

    Pr Manuel Villoria Mendiet, Political Science and Public Administration, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain 

    Pr Javier Vidal Olivares, History and Economic Institutions, Universidad de Alicante, Spain 

    Pr Adoración Carratalá Giménez, Environmental Technology, Universidad de Alicante, Spain 

    Pr Pedro Boj Giménez, School of Physics, Department of Optics, Pharmacology and Anatomy, Universidad de Alicante, Spain 

    Pr Ricardo García García, Professor of Ecclesiastical Law, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain

    Pr José Luis Sánchez Lizaso, Professor of Animal Biology, Universidad de Alicante, Spain

    Santos M. Ruesga Benito, Professor, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain

    Javier De León Ledesma, Profesor de Economía Financiera y Contabilidad, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

    Josefina Jimenez Villar, Profesora Titular de Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain

    María Gómez Y Patiño, Profesora de Periodismo, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain

    Miguel García Garces, Profesor de Ingeniería Industrial, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain

    Maria Dolores Adsuar Fernandez, Profesora Titular de Literatura Española, Universidad de Murcia, Spain

    Herenia Gutierrez Ponce, Profesora Titular de Economía Financiera y Contabilidad, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain

    Hector Burgos Sanchez-Capilla, Profesor de Física Aplicada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain

    Jose Maria Mella Vazquez, Catedrático de Universidad de Economía Aplicada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain

    Marta Serrano Coll, Profesora Agregada de Historia del Arte, Universidad Rovira i Virgili, Spain

    Maria Angeles Duque Martinez, Profesora Titular de Economía Financiera y Contabilidad                              Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain

    Jose Manuel García De La Cruz, Profesor Titular de Estructura Económica y Economía del Desarrollo, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain

    Alexis Quesada Arencibia, Profesor de Ciencias de la Computación e Inteligencia Artificial, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

    Victor Manuel Hernandez Suarez, Catedrático de Escuela Universitaria de Análisis Matemático, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain 

    Ciro Gutierrez Ascanio, Profesor de Psicología Evolutiva, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain

    Personalities and organisations:

    Elio Di Rupo, Ministre-Président de Wallonie, Former Prime Minister of Belgium

    Sergei Stanishev, MEP, President, Party of European Socialists, Europe

    Paolo Reboani, President of the Social and Economic Committee, Fondazione Craxi, Italy

    Eric Andrieu, MEP, Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament, Parti socialiste, France

    Pierre Larrouturou, MEP, Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament, Nouvelle Donne, France

    Brando Benifei, MEP, Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament, Europe, Italy

    Erasmo Palazzoto, Italian MP, Italy

    Cécilia Gondard, National Secretary for gender equality,Parti scialiste, member of the Executive Committee of PES Women, France/Europe

    Maurice Braud, Member of the National Board Parti socialiste, member of the European Council on Foreign Relations, Administrator of CIFE, vice-president of the University Office of Socialist Research

    Myriam El Yassa, National secretary of the Socialist Party in charge of discrimination, France

    Francisco Aldecoa Luzarraga, President of the Spanish Federal Council of the European Movement, Spain

    Carlos Trias Pintó, EESC Member on behalf of the Spanish Consumers Council, Europe

    Éva Palócz, General Director, Kopint-Tarki Zrt, Hungary

    Ann Pettifor, Author, Winner of Heinrich Boll Stiftung's Hannah Arendt Prize, 2018, Council Member of the Progressive Economy Forum, Director of the Policy Research in Macroeconomics, UK

    Oxfam, NGO

    Stan Jourdan, Positive Money, NGO

    Fabrice Hamaide, Chief Financial Officer, USA

    Stéphane Hamaide, Group Accounting Director, France

    Enrique Barón, Former President of the European Parliament, Europe

    Dr. Robert Sweeney, Policy Analyst, TASC

    Gabrielle Siry LLM, Specialist in Financial regulation and spokesperson of the Parti socialiste, France

    Petros Fassoulas, Secretary General, European Movement International (in personal capacity)

    Pierre Kanuty, Regional Concilior, Ile de France, Parti Socialiste, France

    Michael Vincent, President, Greentervention, Belgium

    Dominique Sicard, Biologiste Des Hopitaux, Santé, France

    Sarah King, Policy Adviser, European Economic & Social Committee, Belgium

    Bastien Fabre, Carpenter, France

    Wouters Stéphanie, Founder, CECO Home Sharing, Belgium

    J. Farat-Méaulle,  France

    István Ujhelyi, MEP, S&D Group (MSZP), Hungary         

    Christos Roussos, Head of Sports, Panteion University, Greece

    Maisonobe, Avocat Honoraire, Barreau ee Grenoble, France

    Charlotte Billingham, Senior Policy Adviser FEPS - Foundation For European Progressive Studies,            Belgium/Europe

    Dr Jouk Jarry Sylvie, Medical Dr, Liberal doctor, France

    Kira Marie Peter-Hansen, MEP, European Parliament, Denmark

    Gabriele Bischoff, MEP, S&D, Germany

    Manuel Pizarro, MEP, European Parliament, Portugal       

    Livia Jourdain, Political Advisor, S&D Group in the European Parliament, Belgium                                     

    Negrescu Victor, MEP, European Parliament, Romania     

    Éric Andrieu, MEP, Député européen, Parlement européen, France                            

    Rovana Plumb, MEP, Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats, Social Democratic Party, European Parliament, Romania                            

    Istvàn Ujhelyi, MEP, S&D group (MSZP), Hungary             

    Alex Agius Saliba, MEP, European Parliament, Malta       

    Nikolaj Villumsen, MEP, Red-Green Alliance - Enhedslisten, Denmark                           

    Sylvie Guillaume,  MEP, European Parliament, France       

    Reding Jean-Claude, Vice-président, Chambre des salariés du Luxembourg, Luxembourg                            

    Lola Sanjuán, Social entrepreneur and feminist leader, AMECOOP - Association of Women Entrepreneurs in Cooperatives (Andalucía, Spain), Spain                            

    Milan Brglez, MEP, European Parliament, Slovenia                                     

    Evelyn Regner, MEP, European Parliament, Austria           

    Pierfrancesco Majorino, MEP, Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats in the European Parliament - Partito Democratico, Italy 

    Maria Arena, MEP, European Parliament, Belgique                       

    Ernest Urtasun, MEP, Catalunya en Comú, European Parliament, Spain                        

    Idoia Villanueva Ruiz, MEP, GUE-NGL, European Parliament, Spain                        

    Alexis Georgoulis, Actor, MEP, European Parliament, Greece                     

    Alfred Sant, MEP, European Parliament, Malta                          

    Andreas Schieder, MEP, European Parliament, Austria  

    Manuel Escudero Zamora, Secretary for Economic Policy and Employment, Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE), Spain

    Alícia Homs Ginel, MEP, European Parliament, Spain

    Maria Eugenia Rodriguez Palop, MEP, European Parliament, Spain

    Helmut Scholz, MEP, European Parliament, GUE/NGL group, Delegation DIE LINKE, Germany

    Glucksmann Raphaël, MEP, European Parliament, France                            

    Lina Galvez Muñoz, Eurodiputada y Catedratica de Historia Economica, Parlamento Europeo, Spain

    Manon Aubry, MEP, Co-president of the GUE/NGL Group, France   

    Elisabetta Gualmini, MEP, European Parliament, Italy 

    Eva Kaili, MEP, European Parliament, Greece

    Klára Dobrev, MEP, European Parliament, Hungary    

    Patrick Maurey, Directeur d'école, Syndicat des Enseignants UNSA, France               

    Trade union leaders and trade unionists:

    Isabel Cano Aguilar, Vice-President European Economic and Social Committee, UGT, Spain

    Nora Back, President, OGBL, Luxemburg

    Carmelo Barbagallo, General Secretary, UIL, Italy

    Laurent Berger, President, ETUC, General Secretary, CFDT, France

    Pierpaolo Bombardieri, Deputy General Secretary, UIL, Italy

    Leonard Brascu, President, CNSLR-FRATIA, Romania

    Zeljko Buric, President of Trade Union of Telecommunication of Montenegro

    Victor Carachi, President, GWU, Malta

    Liina Carr, Confederal Secretary, ETUC 

    Nicola Cicala, FISAC, CGIL, Italy

    Rudy De Leeuw, former President ETUC and ABVV/FGTB, Belgium

    Javier Doz, EESC member, ECO Section, Deputy to the General Secretary of CCOO, Spain

    Cristina Faciaben, Confederal Secretary for International and Cooperation, CCOO, Spain

    Susan Flocken, European Director, ETUCE, Europe

    Annamaria Furlan, General Secretary CISL, Italy

    Jesus Gallego Garcia, Secretary for International policy, UGT, Spain

    Jan Willem Goudriaan, General Secretary, EPSU, Europe

    Károly György, International secretary at Trade Union Confederation MASZSZ, Hungary

    Per Hilmersson, Deputy General Secretary, ETUC 

    Sylvain Hoffmann, Director of Chambre des salariés, Luxemburg

    Srdja Kekovic, Secretary General, Union of Free Trade Unions of Montenegro

    Marc Leemans, President, ACV-CSC Union, Belgium

    Vesna Milonjic Aleksic, President of Trade Union of Commerce Workers, Montenegro

    Mette Nord, President, EPSU, Europe

    Mladen Novosel, President, SSSH, Croatia

    Sandra Obradovic, President, Trade Union of Metal Workers, Montenegro

    Yvan Ricordeau , Nation Secretary for european and international policy, CFDT, France

    André Roeltgen, former President, OGBL, Luxemburg

    Borislav Pavlovic, President of Craft Union of Taxi Drivers of Montenegro

    Bojana Percan, Executive Secretary for City of Zagreb, Commercial Trade Union, Croatia

    Andrzej Radzikowski, President, OPZZ, Poland

    Oliver Röpke, President of the EESC Workers' group, Europe

    Fernando Rocha Sánchez,Director of Studies and Projects, Fundación 1 de Mayo, CCOO, Spain

    Dr.oec. Linda Romele, Expert of education and employment issues, LBAS, Latvia

    Isabelle Schömann, Confederal Secretary, ETUC 

    Marie-Hélène Ska, General Secretary, ACV-CSC, Belgium

    Unai Sordo General Secretary, CCOO, Spain

    Josef Stredula, President, CMKOS, Czech Republic

    Pepe Alvarez Suarez, General Secretary, UGT, Spain

    Mārtiņš Svirskis Economic adviser, LBAS, Latvia 

    Miranda Ulens, General Secretary, FGTB-ABVV, Belgium

    Robert Vertenueil, President FGTB-ABVV, Belgium

    Luca Visentini, General Secretary, ETUC

    Ludovic Voet, Confederal Secretary, ETUC 

    Vukasin Zogovic, President, Trade union of University of Montenegro

    Nunzia Sabatino, accountant, ETUC, BELGIUM      

    Fontaine David, Manager, Clear Channel, Belgique

    Hans-Erik Skjæggerud, Vice President, YS, Norway

    Livia Spera, General Secretary, European Transport Workers Federation, Belgium  

    Eline Neerinckx, Administrative Secretary, ETF       

    Wolfgang Katzian, President, Austrian Trade Union Federation (ÖGB), Austria

    Estelle Arnette Brentnall, Head of Maritime, ETF

    Lukas Krupitza, Vice President, kapers Cabin Crew Union, Switzerland

    De Wasseige, Finance Manager, ETF

    Inga-Lena Heinisch, Political assistant road transport and gender equality, European Transport Workers' Federation

    Emirali Karadoğan, Advisor, Tez-Koop-İş Union, Turkey

    Josef Maurer,  Head of Aviation and Operations, European Transport Workers' Federation

    Tanja Trost, Advisor, EVG, Germany

    Luc Triangle, General Secretary, IndustriAll Europe

    Cristina Tilling, Political Secretary for Road Transport, ETF

    Berardina Tommasi, Policy Officer for Dockers, ETF

    Joris kerkhofs, Nationaal secretaries, ACV-Transcom, Belgium

    Bobby Morton, National Officer, Unite the Union, United Kingdom

    Santiago González Vallejo, Adjunto secretaría internacional, USO, Spain

    Jeroen Wijers, European Affairs Secretary, CNV professionals, The Netherlands    

    Ann Ryan, Administration, Dublin Bus, Ireland, Trade Union

    Katarina, Vice-president, Railway Workers' Trade Union, Croatia   

    Karan O Loughlin, Trade Union Organiser, SIPTU, Ireland  Trade Union

    Beate Schneider, Checkin Agent, verDi, Germany

    Üllar Kallas, Chairman of the board, Transport and Road Workers' Trade Union, Estonia

    Salis Madinier, Member EESC, CFDT, France

    Claude Lambrechts, Secrétaire Nationale CNE/CSC, Belgium

    Steven White, Secretary nw680 branch Liverpool taxi, Unite, United Kingdom

    Thomas Kattnig, Trade Unionist Younion Die Daseinsgewerkschaft, Austria

    Joe Magill, Docker Unite The Union, Northern Ireland

    Mladen Jovičič, Union Representative Port Of Koper, Slovenia

    Tjitze Van Rijssel, Negotiator For The Carriage Of Goods, CNV Vakmensen, The Netherlands

    Gary Punton, Dock Worker, OCS, England         

    Oleg Grygoriuk, Chairman, LBSTUS, Ukraine

    Jose Antonio Moreno Diaz, Fundamental Rights & Rule Of Law Group President, EESC, Spain 

    Ballestero François, Project Consultant, European Transport Workers' Federation, Belgium 

    Taj Salam, PCV Driver, Unite the Union, United Kingdom

    Elena Frandes, President, Sindicatul Lucratorilor Din Transporturi (SLT), Romania

    Enzo Merlini, Confederal Secretary, Confederazione Sammarinese Del Lavoro (San Marino Trade Union), San Marino

    Sebastien Gricourt, Adviser,  Parti Socialiste, France

    Cevdet, International Relationship and Education Secretary, Turkish Trade Union Federation (Turk-Sen), Cyprus

    Trond Jensrud, Secretary General, Yrkestrafikkforbundet, Norway

    Myriam Coulet, Secrétaire Fédérale, Force Ouvrière, France

    Bir Juliane, Head of Trade Union Policy, ETUC, Belgium

    Alex Martin, Head of Projects, ETUC, Belgium

    Joaquin Perez Da Silva, Secretary General, USO, Spain

    Dr Florence Meaulle, Neurologue, Libéral, France

    Emilija Grujic, Programme Coordinator, ETUC/Regional Trade Union Council "Solidarnost", Serbia

    Pierre Yves Meaulle, Surgeon, UMG Grenoble, France

    Sinéad Tiernan, Head of HR, ETUC, Belgium

    Brian Whytock, Bus Driver, Trade Union, UK

    W. Warneck, Senior Policy, Officer Civil Aviation, ETF, Belgium

    Kresimir Sever, President, NHS - Independent Trade Unions of Croatia, Croatia

    Stephen Cotton, General Secretary, LTF, United Kingdom

    Ruairi Fitzgerald, Advisor, ETUC, Belgium

    Jessica, Cabin Crew, Tuifly Belgium, Belgium

    Erik Maes, Organiser, BTB-ABVV, Belgium

    Marijana Camovic, President, Trade UnionoOf Media of Montenegro, Montenegro

    Giorgio Tuti, President, Sev Transport Worker Union, Switzerland

    Catarina Tavares, International Secretary, UGT-P, Portugal

    Arnaud Michel, Unionist / First-Officer CGT Pilotes, France

    Jung Jeannot, Bus Driver, OGBL-ACAL, Luxembourg

    Juha Ollas, Trade Union Officer, AKT, Finland

    Antoaneta Stoimenova, Expert UPT, FTTIUB, Bulgaria

    Willem Dijkhuizen, Bestuurder, FNV Transport & Logistiek, The Netherlands

    Bellanger, Psychomotricienne, Sante, France

    Emmanuella Yetna, Administrative Assistant, ETUC, Belgium

    Elena Emeric, Psicóloga, Cruz Roja, Spain

    Sébastien Flageollet, Sr Manager- Strategy Consulting, Deloitte, The Netherlands

    Silvana Francken Belfi, Personal Planner, Dutch Railways, The Netherlands

    Renaud Nicolas, Electronic Engineer, Stmicroelectronics, France

    Christine Behle, Gewerkschaftssekretärin, Ver.Di Vereinte Dienstleistungsgewerkschaft, Germany

    Myriam Chaffart, Policy Officer for Inland Waterways Transport and EWC's, European Transport Workers' Federation, Belgium

    Christer Norfall, Coordinator, Nordic Transport Worker´ Federation, Sweden

    Laurent Escure, Secrétaire Général, UNSA (Union Nationale Des Syndicats Autonomes), France

    Rachel Brishoual, Secrétaire Nationale Europe-International, UNSA (Union Nationale Des Syndicats Autonomes, France

    Mira Ball, Union Official, Ver.Di - United Services Union, Germany

    Dr Adam Rogalewski, Director International Department, OPZZ, Poland 

    Marija Hanzevacki, General Secretary, NHS - Independent Trade Unions of Croatia, Croatia

    Salis Madinier, EESC Brussesl, CFDT, France

    Claude Lambrechts, Secrétaire Nationale, CNE/CSC, Belgium

    Susanne Rogers, Head of Administration, ITF, UK

    Tom Deleu, General Secretary, European Federation Of Building And Woodworker, Belgium   

    Monica A Paulsen, President In Negotia and 2 Vice President In YS, Negotia and YS, Norway 

    Lidija Jerkič, President, Zveza Svobodnih Sindikatov Slovenije, Slovenia       

    Giovansili, Instructor, CFPPA  Saint-ismier, France

    Aleš Golja, Generalni Sekretar, Sindikat upokojencev Slovenije, Slovenia

    Georgi Todorov, Secretary of STU, Bulgaria Seafarers' Trade Union, Bulgaria

    Siciliano Agostino, Segretario generale, FERPA, Belgium

    Tea Jarc, President, Sindikat Mladi plus, Slovenia

    Maja Konjar, General Secretary, Trade Union of financial organisations of Slovenija, Slovenia

    Sigi Langenbahn, President, Liechtenstein Workers Association LANV, Liechtenstein

    Danilo Zorko, President, Trade Union of Financial Organization Workers of Slovenia – SFOS, Slovenia

    Dumitru Costin, President, Blocul National Sindical, Romania

    Jana Kanadić, Administrator, SUC, Croatia

    Ion Rădoi, President, Federation of ATU Romania, Romania 

    Emilie Trigo, Secrétaire nationale, UNSA, France                                      

    David Martinez, Vice President Cabin Crew Union, kapers Cabin Crew Union, Switzerland

    Lander Vander Linden, Adviser, ABVV-FGTB, Belgium

    Andrzej Adamczyk, retired, former Head of International Department, NSZZ "Solidarność", Poland

    Lorenzo Repetti, Advisor, ETUC, Belgium    

    Inghels N, IT, ETUC, Belgium                                      

    Edgardo Maria Iozia, Former President Uni Europa Finance, UIL, Italy   

    Van Keirsbilck Felipe, Gen Secretary, CNE CSC, Belgium     

    Philippe Defeyt, Chairman, Institut pour un Développement Durable, Belgium

    David Švarc, Secretary Generale, Trade union of professional firefighters of Slovenia, Slovenia     

    Jean-Luc Mercier, Trade Union General Secretary, SPECIS - Affiliated to the French UNSA, France 

    Mirsad Begić, Predsednik, Svobodni sindikat Slovenije (ZSSS), Slovenia 

    Jaine Peacock, Bus driver/Unite's women's representatives, Transport, UK   

    Sara Tripodi, Segretario generale Filt CGIL Monza e Brianza, Filt CGIL, Italy 

    Frederic Marchand, Secrétaire général, UNSA Éducation, France

    Jennifer Gregoire, Administrative assistant, ETUC, Belgium



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